Dr. Paul Leslie

Dr. Paul Leslie

Sunday, 24 May 2015 13:44

Making Thinking Visible - Part 3

Reflection

As we watch portfolio presentations, I am struck by the value of the reflection that I am seeing in your presentations. I have noticed that there is a direct correlation (relationship) between the amount of reflection apparent in your presentation and portfolio, and the quality of the portfolio presentation. We have discussed many times in our classes the value of reflection and I have pointed out to you that the portfolio is a reflective tool. 

competencies-relative weight

Relative weighting of competencies

The figure shows what I perceive to be the relative weighting or perhaps more accurately, the relative relationship between the five competencies. I would think the three middle competencies of planning, managing and assessing learning are clearly related. It is your ability to do this well that shows your professionalism. However, you will only improve and mature by reflecting on what you do in the classroom and the actions you take to improve your professional abilities.

Make reflection visible

To excel in your final work, you need to be able to show what you have learned. That will be true for any course and virtually any assessment. You should use your portfolio to make your reflection visible by including artefacts, images and a wide variety of other media to represent your experiences and then try to make sense out them through the various tools you have at your disposal. 

We have discussed a range of artefacts and evidence that you can use to address the competencies (see the google doc). You should make a great effort to collect a wide variety of items that represent the efforts you have made in your classrooms. One method that is undeniably effective is to record yourself on video (see the video below). There can be no denying your actions when you see yourself as others see you.

Once you have your evidence, then you need to analyse it. Think of Bloom.

 

 Blooms Taxonomy

You can recount your work, then you can categorize it and compare results from different approaches to activities. Next, you need to evaluate your results and generate some general conclusions about what you have been doing. From these results, you can think about how you can improve and create from your experiences new activities to improve your practice.

Syllabus Design - Board Notes

We created this set of board notes last week in our discussion of your syllabus design. Don't forget, you also need to create a proper report for this assignment. Have a look at last week's notes just remind yourselves.

themes syllabus baord 200

I encourage you to put your design skills to good use and try to "map" for me your process of designing the syllabus. The more explicit you can be in your design, the better I will be able to follow it and of course give you a good grade.

water theme map

Download word doc

Extend and Align

I will remind you of the final two outcomes for this course:

Learning Outcome 3: Analyze the factors that impact on the implementation of a curriculum.

  • In your syllabus, you should highlight or indicate anticipated factors and / or provide some discussion of how you try to incorporate external activities and events in your curriculum.

Learning Outcome 4: Evaluate and align assessment strategies within any given syllabus for the purpose of confirming learning.

  • As discussed at length during your teaching practice, you should really focus on making the links between your lesson objectives or outcomes to the activities to the assessments.

 

Wednesday, 13 May 2015 18:41

EDU 4503 - Week 13 - Research Poster

Poster Presentation

Assessment document

Poster Due Date: Tuesday May 26th, @ 2:00 PM via SharePoint Dropbox

Presentation Due date: May 31st and June 1st - Schedule


 

In this assessment, you will design an A1 (594 X841MM or 23.4” X33.1”) poster of your research project and then deliver an oral presentation of the poster and research.

In your presentation, you should:

  • Explain the focus of the research
  • Describe the educational context
  • Analyze the data in combination with insights from the relevant literature
  • Discuss the study’s connections to your professional interests
  • Reflect on the research process and its impact on your personal and professional growth.

The presentation should be:

  • clear and logical
  • engaging and enthusiastic
  • 15 minutes in length with 15 minute question period.

Your poster should:

  • Include
    • Title, name and introduction
    • Brief literature review
    • Methodology
    • Findings
    • Conclusion
      • Include discussion of how this research has impacted your professional practice
    • References (only for citations used in the poster)
  • Be designed in PowerPoint or Publisher.

 


 

The presentation should show evidence of effective presentation skills including:

  • A clear, logical structure
  • An engaging, enthusiastic and appropriate presentation style
  • Appropriate use of effective visual aids to your poster
  • Fluent and accurate language

Some examples from EDTC (I hope they do not mind!)


From Colin Purrington's web site:

"A large-format poster is a document that can communicate your research at a conference, and is composed of a short title, an introduction to your burning question, an overview of your novel approach, your amazing results in graphical form, some insightful discussion of aforementioned results, a listing of previously published articles that are important to your research, and some brief acknowledgement of the tremendous assistance and financial support conned from others — if all text is kept to a minimum, a person could fully read your poster in under 5 minutes (really)."

Purrington, C.B. Designing conference posters. Retrieved May 29, 2013, from http://colinpurrington.com/tips/academic/posterdesign

(Ironically, as I was copying his notes, I found this post: http://colinpurrington.com/2013/teaching-plagiarism-by-example/)

Please remember the following points:

  • Do not leave it until the last minute!
  • Make sure any graphs or charts have clear labels
  • You can use a template, but don't be constrained by the template. If you need to 'tweak' it feel free to do so. Do not squeeze more important comments to fit less important comments.
  • Proofread your work! We hope to save these and place them around the college. Your name will be on it.
  • Do not use too many words. It is a poster, not an essay.

Templates:

http://www.researchposters.com/templates

http://www.posterpresentations.com/html/free_poster_templates.html#A1

http://www3.imperial.ac.uk/graphicidentity/templatesandresources/pcrunningwindows/posters/competitionposters

 

Writing Good Questions

Writing good questions is a very difficult task. We don't want to repeat assessment strategies and principles from earlier in your academic career (I assume you have looked as assessment principles). However, we do need to check to make sure that the questions follow some basic rules.

Reliability: This refers to how well does a question or a test produce the same results for similar students under similar conditions. Basically, if a two students of equal ability take the test, they should get the same score. This is quite difficult to ensure, but we can take steps to make sure our assessments are reliable by:

  • ensuring they are clearly written and unambiguous
  • ensuring they are aligned with course outcomes
  • having a few more questions rather than a few less

There are many other aspects that we need to consider when making a test or assessment reliable. 

vulogo - Writing good Questions

Validity: This quality refers to how closely does the question or test actually test what you think it is testing. 

You need to ensure that your questions are clear and actually test the right skills or content. This does overlap somewhat with reliability, but here the difference is that a test can be reliable, but not actually test what you think it is testing.

This is particularly difficult with second language learners. Your test about concepts behind good presentations might actually be a test of vocabulary, not presentation skills.

 


 

As far as your quizzes and assessment tasks are concerned in your Moodle sites, we will not worry too much about these concepts, but I do want good assessments. They need to be fair, reasonable and accurate.

  • Do not give a test or quiz with 5 true and false questions.
  • Do not give a quiz with only three questions.
  • Try to make sure there are no spelling errors.
  • Take your own test. Did you get all the answers right?

 


 

Assignments and Discussions

Click here for a review of rubrics and considerations when creating assignments. When creating your assignments, please consider the following:

Read my article on Discussion boards. How can you have a discussion if you are not discussing?

  • Assignments:
    • If you have an assignment, is there a rubric?
    • Do students know how to submit?
    • Is there a scope?
    • Is there a printable document that can be downloaded and taken home?
    • Is there something that can be sent out or read online?
  • Discussion boards
    • Can they actually answer the question you are asking?
    • Is there a word count?
    • Is there sufficient timeline for completion?

 


Apply to Moodle

Finally, you need to be able to realize these strategies in the Moodle site. How can you meet and demonstrate these strategies and requirements in your site?

One issue that we should consider is versatility. According to the Vanderbilt site, versatility applies to the ability of the testing tool to test different levels. Think about discussion boards and how you might extend or differentiate a good discussion board question.

In an EDTC format, we also want to consider how easily the work can be shared. Think about your school and how teachers often try to integrate different subjects. How could your questions be shared across courses or between teachers.

 

Welcome Back

Well, 10 weeks plus a 2 week break have gone by. You are finally back on campus. The next four weeks will be very busy as you try to finish off your work and as we try to keep up with all the presentations and the marking.

There will be a lot of marking for you in the next few weeks and so out of all of your student efforts out of the years, this is the most important time for you. It is not over yet!

 


 

What to do

Have a look at this document. It may change over the next few weeks but at least we will keep it updated. You can see your assessment dates

Here are your presentation schedules:

Visual Text - Week 14 - Monday May 18th and Wednesday, May 20th

Portfolio Presentations - Week 15 - Monday May 25th and Wednesday, May 27th

Research Poster Presentations - Week 16 - Sunday May 31st and Monday, June 1st

 


 

You can see all of your assessment documents in the 'Files' section (see link at top). Here are the most important ones:

Visual Text

Portfolio

 


Portfolio Discussion

Since your portfolio is a multimedia presentation, you need to consider some multimedia principles of design.

The portfolio has several sections as seen here:

An introductory home page

Contents?

Professional Introduction / Resume (EDU 4603)

  • Personal Details (Name, address, phone, email)
  • Education (list your degree & expected graduation date)
  • Teaching Practice Experience (list, in reverse chronological order)
  • Related Experience (summer jobs? any volunteer work?)
  • Special Skills (e.g. IT)
  • Professional Development Activities (seminars/workshops, given and attended)

Teaching Philosophy (EDU 4603)

Your philosophy should be reflected in your selection of artifacts and throughout your portfolio. Your statement should include relevant academic references and be no more than about 500 words.

Sample questions:

  • What is the purpose of education? In general? In this place and at this time?
  • What is the role of Education in the UAE?
  • Why do you teach? What do you want to achieve? Why?

Best Practice examples (EDU 4503 / EDU 4603)

This section demonstrates how you have achieved competency in the different areas by presenting examples of your best work. Critically select from the following suggested artefacts to demonstrate competencies. See what your colleagues are saying about this section and share your ideas with them.

 

Table 3:

Curated Artefacts

Competency

Artefact

Professionalism and Understanding

  • Certificates of Workshop attendance
  • Anecdotes from colleagues
  • Images of professional treatment of guests
  • Curated collection of work clearly related to competencies

Planning for learning

  • Lesson plans
  • Photos of arranged / organized classrooms
  • Anecdotes from repairing / rearranging classrooms & equipment

Implementing and Managing Learning

  • Videos / images from the classroom
  • Observations from colleagues, MST, MCT, principal
  • Feedback from surveys, student reactions

Assessment and Evaluation

  • Products from student activities
  • Test scores and graphs
  • Anecdotes from students on what they learned

Reflection

  • Journal entries
  • Daily reflective entries
  • Curated collection of work

Reports and Observations

What have others said about you and your teaching? Select sections, sentences or phrases, explain their background and relevance. Include peer observations.

Commitment to Professional Development (EDU 4503)

Show how you promote and support your own professional development – in the spirit of a professional reflective practitioner. You can include:

  • A reflection on some of your professional reading .
  • An analysis of some classroom teaching strategies that you implemented or observed
  • Samples of teaching materials you developed and examples of student work
  • You can also include any conferences you have attended, workshops in school or college.

Achievements

In this section, you can broaden the range of artifacts beyond the B.Ed degree and give a more complete sense of yourself. Select:

  • awards or certificates
  • letters of appreciation from teachers? Or students? Or peers?
  • include here any other college work or achievements , which you think says something about you

 


 

Journal Entry Guidelines:

Journals

You will complete three journal entries, one after each MCT observation and feedback.

You will reflect on the feedback from your MCT and comment on the various aspects of the MCT feedback report. You should discuss and compare any differences between your impression of the visit and the MCT’s comments. Your comments should include ideas on how to improve on constructive criticism from the MCT.

Choose a title for your entry that tells the reader what the entry is about.

Responses

You are also expected to comment on your classmates’ journals. Respond to your classmates’ posts and focus on outlining possible solutions to the problems discussed. You are encouraged to respond to a posting from a peer from another teaching placement.

Responses will be made on respective student’s sites with a blog entry and link to that person’s site made on your blog.

Lets have a look at the central feature of the portfolio

 

Thursday, 07 May 2015 00:23

Making Thinking Visible - Part 2

Documentation - Tell Show us what you are thinking

One of my biggest 'take-aways' from this round of teaching observations is the need to be explicit in the expectations of the lessons. One big difference between adult learners such as our students and younger students is that adult learners generally need to know just how the work is relevant to them. With younger learners, this is true as well and they always benefit from knowing the relevance of something, but the difference is that adults have control of their own destiny and so will either not do something if the relevance is not clear (for often very good reasons), or will edit and change it to suit their needs. Younger students, and especially primary students are a captive audience and will generally do as asked, even if the purposes are not clear. They don’t have the larger world view to consider when looking at their assignments.

One change that I am making is to demand of students even more documentation of their own activities than I have in the past. A big part of my portfolio approach is the need to document what we are learning. However, I can see from this past semester that we need to do even more, and provide time and opportunities for this activity.

Similar to the time span of discretion, most students do not see the need to do so until they have amassed a certain amount. Only when patterns emerge from the learning, that can 'float' above the actual content of the documents do students start to see the larger value of the documentation. Until this realization, they are too close to their own ideas. Reflection is not always a natural activity and there are better ways and worse ways, or more effective and less effective ways to do so.

time span short

This harnesses the cultural forces of artefacts and of expectations. I expect more artefacts from my student teachers. I cannot read their minds and I am not in their classrooms all the time so they need to make their thinking visible through artefacts, journals and details in all forms of documentation.

Documentation processes have been instrumental in allowing the students and us to see what everyone is thinking and they set benchmarks that allow us to see how we have moved forward. The documentation allows us to see not just their prior knowledge but their current thinking and gives a starting point. This allows us to then balance the time needed to set the stage for the content and then we can move forward with the activity as we are all clear on what each other is thinking and believing about our new content. We can then think critically about our own ideas because we can see them in the light of others’ ideas and see where we may have made assumptions or baseless claims.

Assessment & Opportunities

We really need to focus on the opportunities that we create for older students. In terms of seeing the relevance, the more clearly we can create opportunities for them to pursue activities that lead directly towards their own goals, the more successful will be the learning. Even with college students who we might think just need to complete their assignments, have a larger world view and need to see the assignments as contributing their actual lives, not just their academic lives.

We can negotiate with older students about many of the assessment details. In these cases, we then need to be explicit about what we need. For example, we need to tell them that we need a document in a certain form in order to show stakeholders that our students are meeting particular college outcomes, and that these expectations are beyond our control. Then they will be more accepting of an honest and real world view.

Modelling Thinking

In most educational settings, thinking is regularly modeled, but the models are not always appropriate. Opportunities for visible thinking are present anywhere, but we need to work to make the opportunities happen. There are always pockets of opportunity dependent on the teacher’s awareness, pedagogy and interest to think outside of the box and try new things. The challenges are to make opportunities with the framework and culture of the wider educational environment.

emirati boy classroom

Time is a consistent factor in any schedule. Staying around the college campus to talk and socially construct ideas takes time and there needs to be space for such activities to happen. We need to develop an awareness, understanding and acknowledgement of the culture of thinking. We need to focus on providing time and opportunities. For example, a reduction in the number of discrete assessments given to our students would allow a deeper understanding of each assessment. We would also be able to develop each assessment more thoroughly and thus provide a range of thinking models to allow for individual learning styles and needs, especially with older students. In this way, we can encourage people to take the time to think.

Thinking Routines

The thinking routines explored in the 'Making Thinking Visible' course allow us to embed thinking dispositions into our outcomes and provide a language to facilitate this activity. We can then move beyond the content and employ the content for various purposes. We now have a meta-language to use in our sandpit as we play with the ideas. This is a constructivist view in action that allows the students to think for themselves and feel empowered to actually do so. Their thoughts and views become more valuable because we can see them, share them and build upon them.

artfulthinking

The routines are a leverage point for us to generate more critical thinking and extend their thinking beyond what we might normally do. The routines get them to go beyond just what is in their heads. We need to get the thinking out of their heads and on to paper so that others can see it – MTV!

artful competence 200

We can position the content at the center of the activities and it creates a way of thinking and focuses our attention in the places that we deem necessary. The thinking routines give us a critical thinking model that spans from early childhood learners to adult learners.

I think it will be productive to get into groups and have a few of you focus on each section. Remember, this is what we will be looking for in your portfolios. Due to time constraints, we will not have you present your portfolios this semester.

At this point in time, I will want to see your journal entries and your responses. These should all be ready to go. Who wants to show off her portfolio? One way to get a better idea of what you should put in your work is to see what other people put in their work. This might not be to make sure that you have the same thing, but to ensure that you have something different! As we discussed earlier in the semester, It Matters Who You Are.

One great point that arose from the Ramaqia Project was the idea of tailoring your work for your audience. This of course is not a new idea, but the teachers at Ramaqia were keenly aware that their work was going to be viewed by specific people and so they went to great efforts to help their audience find what they are looking for and to ensure that their audience found what the teachers wanted them to find.

content media audience

How does this help you? For the teachers, they found that not only could they target their work better for their audience, but by doing so, they could understand their own work better. This allowed them to better target their work for their audience - which allowed them to understand their own work better - which allowed them to ...

transformation

 


 

Have a look at some of the year four portfolios. They have come up with some ideas for presenting the competencies in a direct and clear manner. Your task is to be able to let other people come in and see what you think you want them to see. Ironically, I am showing them

Have a look at Ishmael and the idea of the non-reflexive 'I'. Basically, she is saying that what people see when they look at us, or in this case, look at our work, is not what we think they see. The problem then is to try and reconcile the two visions of 'you' as closely as possible.

cat lion

 


 

Watch the 'Dove' video below and tell us what you think. Yes, it may be a bit overly dramatic for this topic, but the point is clear. People see us differently than we see ourselves. Different from the video, many people often see themselves as the cat does, not as the people in the video do.

 


Don't forget to check on the 'Mahara - How To ...' link to check on various features. The discussion about Mayer's multimedia principles is also very valuable at this point.

Design a Syllabus

The beauty of this assessment is that you have already done the 'heavy lifting'. Now what you need to do, is very solidly in the cognitive domain. You will need to sort out your work and create a coherent plan of what you did.

In the best of all worlds, you would do this before you go out on your teaching placement. However, we also know that in many cases, there is not enough time to thoroughly prepare for your placement, and that many of the finer details are left until the last minute.

In this case, you have the remains of your teaching practice. Now, you will have a chance to do some retrospection and reflection and write up what you wanted to do, even if this is somewhat different from what you actually did.

 


al kawthar themes

 


 

Design a Syllabus: Have a look at the actual assessment.

 

ASSESSMENT TASK DESCRIPTION

Task:

You will create a syllabus that is suitable for the level at which you are teaching. You will:

  • Choose a curriculum and level.
    • The curriculum is based on the subject that you are teaching.
      • For example,
        • you may be teaching English classes to KG 2.
        • You may be teaching Math for Grade 4.
    • The curriculum will depend on the emirate in which you are teaching.
    • Ideally, you will discuss the curriculum and level with your MST in order to get the most recent and applicable curriculum documentation and resources.
    • Much of this section will be given to you. The importance of this section is in your choice of curriculum.
  • Identify the scope and sequence of your syllabus for one year (what you will cover and in what order).
    • Present a general overview of the year. (See picture of Al Kawthar School https://www.flickr.com/photos/paulleslie/15010641913/ )
    • Select concept(s) that cover a month
      • You may choose to focus on the month you are working on during your current TP.
      • If you can determine what you will be doing next semester, this is a chance to get ahead.
    • Plan integrated syllabus for the month.
    • Design lesson plans including assessments for one week to demonstrate learning.
      • You will need to ensure that lesson goals / outcomes are mapped to assessments. Assessments do not need to include tests.
      • You will need to show how lessons have the capacity to accommodate different learners
      • The lesson plan format will be dependent on your level, program, and MCT / MST / personal preferences.
  • Identify opportunities in your syllabus for external involvement.
    • E.g. how can a special event be incorporated into the syllabus

Format

You should include:

  • Formal assignment cover page
  • A preamble that discusses
    • The curriculum – where it came from and how it has been adapted for your context.
    • Why you chose this particular curriculum and focus
    • Adaptability to external influences.
  • Syllabus
    • This may be mainly in tabular form.
  • Lesson plans
    • Must be clearly linked to larger syllabus and sequenced.
    • Assessments must be clearly mapped.
  • Resource list with references

 


Questions??

 

FAQ:

  • I do not have a model
  • I am very excited to see what you produce
  • You may use your existing lesson plans
  • I do want to see a coherent plan and overview
  • You have already done all of this!
  • June 2nd.

Demonstrating Competency

AS noted, once you are not in your classroom anymore, what do we know about what you did? I am demanding of students much more documentation of their own activities.

This harnesses the cultural forces of artefacts and of expectations. I expect more artefacts from my student teachers. I cannot read your minds and I am not in your classrooms all the time so you need to make your thinking visible through artefacts, journals and details in all forms of documentation.

ed processes trans

 


Artefacts

Click here to share your ideas

Here are some of my ideas:

Table 3:

Curated Artefacts

Competency

Artefact

Professionalism and Understanding

Certificates of Workshop attendance

Anecdotes from colleagues

Images of professional treatment of guests

Curated collection of work clearly related to competencies

Planning for learning

Lesson plans

Photos of arranged / organized classrooms

Anecdotes from repairing / rearranging classrooms & equipment

Implementing and Managing Learning

Videos / images from the classroom

Observations from colleagues, MST, MCT, principal

Feedback from surveys, student reactions

Assessment and Evaluation

Products from student activities

Test scores and graphs

Anecdotes from students on what they learned

Reflection

Journal entries

Daily reflective entries

Curated collection of work

Lets remind ourselves about the two projects ahead of you in 3503. 

LMS Management

Task

You will complete the design of your CMS which includes the following features.

  • The actual site and templates (Desktop, Mobile & Tablet)
    • You must download and install new templates for each of the three screen sizes. We will see how to do this, but you can check here.
  • Titles, categories and course names
    • You should have your practicum courses set up in proper categories and you should have at least one other category for your extra learning objects.
      • Learning objects from semester 1 - these should be edited and 'fixed up' as much as you can.
    • Everything should be labeled and organized for easy access. Imagine that a grade 4 student is looking at it.
  • New learning object (using the Lesson Tool)
    • This is evaluated on its own and we will discuss it further down below. However, your ability to place it properly will be considered in this assignment
  • Book tool
    • We will examine how to use this tool. It requires some small html work and an idea of how to organize your work. We will examine the content and see what you will out in your book.
  • Users
    • Users will be based on your
      • gradebook - you will need to show some users who have completed different assessments. You may need to manufacture some data.
      • user profiles - You will need to show a course profile in which you can demonstrate that a course has more than one teacher and students. 
  • Variety of collaborative tools including wikis, discussion boards, 
    • Most of these will be included in your learning objects. If you have incomplete learning objects, I will want to know why. Better yet, why don't you make them complete by adding these various tools. 


Learning Object Assessment Document

ASSESSMENT TASK DESCRIPTION

Definition of Learning Object

A learning object is defined as a collection of media (text, video, images) that provides content on a particular topic, supported by activities or instructions on how to interact with it.

It also contains a quantifiable assessment that can be registered in a grade book.

Hodgins-rlo-model

Overview of assignment

You will determine as closely as possible a suitable topic for your placement and then design and construct a learning object using native Moodle features.

Your learning object should be related to the imported learning objects from semester 1.

Task

The LO will contain:

  • A statement on the purpose and audience for the LO.
  • A map of the learning object.
  • Multimedia content including text, video, imagery and audio.
  • Interactions that can be tracked and provide feedback
  • Assessment in the form of an assignment dropbox that produces a grade for a grade book.
  • Registered participants from the placement
  • The activities and assessment in your resource should require 1 hour to complete.

You will not be graded on your ability to get participants to actually use the learning object.


I believe that you are perfectly capable of managing this on your own. We will work on this in class, but I expect you to do most of the hard work. I will expect that you:

  • Have detailed and explicit directions that a grade 4 student can understand
  • 'Quality' assessments that use good questions and clear directions
    • Quizzes with great questions - you can 'borrow' questions from other sources.
    • Assignments with rubrics and models.
    • Discussion boards with clear questions that your students can answer.
  • Comprehension checks that are real comprehension checks and not just links that pop us back to the top again.


Moodle Pedagogy

We will also spend a bit of time to review some of the underlying concepts of Moodle and try to get a good understanding of WHY we use Moodle. Think about what you might tell a principal when she asks you why Moodle, or any LMS, is a useful tool.

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